"On sales" into the supermarket, often attracted by this eye-catching words, some plastic bowls and chopsticks are doing promotions. Dishes printed with cartoons are obviously loved by children and parents. As the saying goes, the price of a piece of goods can often look at the lovely "Mickey and Pleasant Goat", leaving quality behind. In our daily life, three meals a day are inseparable from tableware, and now the types of cutlery on the market are very full, and it is often the case that we take a look. Plastic, ceramic, stainless steel, wood, bamboo, and so on, some tableware colorful, very beautiful, and some cutlery is texture stress, fine workmanship. So are these cutlery really safe? How do they affect the health of users and how can they be used correctly?
Ceramic tableware is almost one of the dishes used by every household. Although ceramic dishes are relatively safe, lead in ceramics is an inevitable process, and it may contain elements such as cadmium, mercury, and radium. In the long-term and improper use, it is easy to cause chronic poisoning. Cadmium damages the kidneys very much and accumulates in the bones, resulting in decreased immunity, joint deformation, and pain.
Buying and safe use: The lead, cadmium and other elements in ceramic tableware are mainly glazed color, but the glaze porcelain is easy to identify by visual inspection and hand touch, where the picture is not glazed light, feel smooth and even the edge of the screen The sense of bulge should be carefully purchased. In addition, the purchase of shopping malls and supermarkets is also one of the methods of quality assurance. Do not choose tableware with a very bright color and a bright pattern on the inner wall. Newly purchased dishes can be boiled in boiling water for 5 minutes before use or they can be immersed in vinegar to precipitate most of the toxic substances. When used. Do not use colored ceramic utensils to hold acidic foods.
The smooth and sleek plastic microwave oven cutlery has become a common household cutlery. Although its application is more and more extensive, the safety issues can not be ignored. Some plastic tableware are colorful and exquisite in design. There may be problems such as the excessive content of lead, cadmium, and other metal elements, which will cause harm to the human body after long-term use. There is a protective film on the surface of general plastic products. Once this film is scratched by a hardener, harmful substances are released. The surface of inferior plastic tableware is often not smooth, and harmful substances easily leak out.
Purchase and safe use: When choosing plastic tableware, try to choose plastic tableware that has no decorative patterns, colorless, odorless, smooth surface, and strong handle. Most of the plastic utensils currently on the market are polyethylene and polypropylene products. Both of these materials are resistant to high temperatures above 100 degrees Celsius and are safe to use. When selecting products, check whether PE (polyethylene) and PP are listed on the product. Polypropylene).
Stainless steel cutlery:
Stainless steel cutlery is more resistant to corrosion than other metals, making the utensils beautiful and durable, and not easy to grow bacteria, so more and more families have also chosen stainless steel cutlery. However, stainless steel is made of iron-chromium alloy and then added with some trace elements. If kitchenware or improper use of inferior materials is purchased, harmful metal elements in the product will also slowly accumulate in the human body. When a certain limit is reached, It can harm human health.
Safe use: 1. Choose high-quality stainless steel kitchen utensils, try to buy a brand with quality assurance; 2. Can not be long-term salt, soy sauce, soup, etc.; 3. Can not use stainless steel utensils torment Chinese medicine; 4. Do not use strong alkaline, strong acid or strong oxidizing chemical agents such as soda, bleach, sodium hypochlorite, etc.; 5. Do not burn. Stainless steel products, low thermal conductivity, heat transfer time is slow, empty burning will cause the surface of the chrome-plated layer of aging, loss, or even deformation damage; 6. Found stainless steel cutlery deformation or surface damage, should replace the tableware.
Bamboo cutlery choose bamboo as a raw material, because bamboo is more environmentally friendly than other materials, it also has a very prominent advantages of insulation, anti-hot, durable, etc. In addition, bamboo material tableware easy to clean, as well as antibacterial function, It is the first choice for health and safety.
Safe use: 1. Maintenance: Newly purchased bamboo chopping board can be used after normal opening. Round bamboo cutting board in order to extend the service life, be sure to keep the board moist, and rotate on both sides of the use, such as the loose board surface can be soaked with warm water for 1 to 10 minutes, do not soak for too long or boiled. 2, cutting board classification: In order to avoid cross-infection, bamboo cutting board can be eaten raw food, cut cooked food. After each type of food has been processed, it is thoroughly cleaned and the next type of food is cut. If you cut meat, wash it with warm water. 3, in order to prevent the cracking of the cutting board, buy a new cutting board, immediately painted on the cutting board on both sides and the surrounding painted with edible oil until the oil is dry and then painted, painted three or four times, oil can be used after drying. As a result, cracks are less likely to occur on the cutting board, and the oil coating also has antiseptic properties. The cutting board is therefore also durable.
Among the many choices, bamboo and wood utensils can be said to be the first choice. Only bamboo and wood are the most healthy and environmentally friendly products, and they are now advocated and respected by everyone. Consumers should keep their eyes open when choosing these dishes that are in direct contact with food, and pay more attention to the material and safety of the dishes.